Category: AoR Opinion

When a Fervent Debate Meets a Meticulous Experiment Measurement

Artificial Intelligence is emerging as one of today’s most dominant technological fields. It begins to impact many aspects of our lives with increasingly greater magnitude. At the same time its development brings together a number of diverse disciplines previously isolated from each other by their methods of inquiry and the domains of research – for instance, humanities and physics or engineering.

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Inaugural Data Science Workshop highlights social sciences

From quantifying the wisdom of crowds to measuring polarization in political speech, data science is enhancing a wide range of social science research. On Oct. 20, Yale held its first Data Science Workshop, a daylong event focused on computational social science. Computer science professor Dragomir Radev and other organizers said the workshop reflected Yale’s increased commitment to data science, and may become part of an ongoing series of workshops.

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Arming ourselves against cyber risks

In a public speech during his visit to ETH, Defence Minister Guy Parmelin emphasised the importance of establishing a unit to defend against attacks from cyberspace. To achieve this, the Federal Council is counting on the support of ETH and, above all, of its graduates.

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Is 3-D printing living up to the hype?

The growth in 3-D printing is allowing manufacturers to reduce production time and save money. Metal fabrication shops, industrial firms and engineers are also capitalizing on the technology. But the predicted mass production of 3-D printed products for consumers has not yet come to pass.

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Sensitivity to Time Improves Performance at Remotely Controlling Devices

A new study from North Carolina State University finds that people who are more sensitive to the passage of time are better at accounting for the latency – or time lag – inherent in remotely controlling robots or other tools. “There are many situations, from bomb disposal to remote surgeries, in which people want to remotely control devices,” says Federico Scholcover, a Ph.D. student at NC State and lead author of a paper on the work. “

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Big Data May Amplify Existing Police Surveillance Practices, Study Shows

With access to more personal data than ever before, police have the power to solve crimes more quickly, but in practice, the influx of information tends to amplify existing practices, according to sociology research at The University of Texas at Austin. The big data landscape is changing quickly, and researchers wonder whether our political and social systems and regulations can keep up.

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How safe are critical infrastructures from hacker attacks?

Mobile phone networks can be used to control wind power stations. This carries risks. Critical infrastructures such as wind power stations are partially controlled via mobile phone networks. Using state-of-the-art tests, researchers at Horst Görtz Institute for IT-Security (HGI) in Bochum are investigating how well protected that form of communication is from external attacks.

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‘The dark side’ of quantum computers

The era of fully fledged quantum computers threatens to destroy internet security as we know it. Researchers are in a race against time to prepare new cryptographic techniques before the arrival of quantum computers, as cryptographers Tanja Lange (Eindhoven University of Technology) and Daniel J. Bernstein (University of Illinois at Chicago, USA) describe today in the journal Nature. In their publication they analyze the options available for this so-called post-quantum cryptography.

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